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19 June 2024
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The Punjab government is promoting direct seeding (DSR) or 'tar-vatar' technology. This technology can reduce water consumption by 15% to 20% and it prepares the crop 7-10 days earlier with less labour requirement. This gives farmers more time to handle paddy straw.

Low adoption

Despite the benefits and government incentives (Rs 1500 per acre), DSR technology is not being widely adopted in Punjab. Last year, only 1.73 lakh acres out of 79 lakh acres were used for DSR. This year's target is to bring DSR to 7 lakh acres, which is less than 10% of the total rice area.

How does DSR work?

Process and requirements:

In DSR, seeds are sown directly, which eliminates the need for nursery preparation and planting. Seeds are soaked in fungicide solution and dried before sowing. The first irrigation is given after 21 days followed by another at 7-10 days interval, totalling 14-17 irrigations.

Suitability for heavy soils:

Soil texture is important for DSR. DSR should not be done in light textured soils as it does not retain water well. Heavy or medium textured soils are more suitable.

Important role of iron:

DSR should not be done in fields with iron deficiency and weed problems. Iron-rich soils are ideal for DSR. Iron deficiency can have a serious impact on yield and cause economic loss to farmers.

Awareness and education:

For the success of DSR, it is essential to educate farmers extensively. Experts suggest that training and support be provided to farmers so that they can adopt this technique with confidence.

For more information stay connected with Mera Farmhouse application.